Denture Repair: When and How to Fix Damaged Dentures

Dentures are a common dental prosthetic used to replace missing teeth. They provide functionality and aesthetics, allowing individuals to regain their ability to eat, speak, and smile with confidence. However, like any dental appliance, dentures can become damaged over time or due to accidents. It is important to understand when and how to fix damaged dentures to ensure their longevity and optimal performance. When assessing the cost of immediate dentures, it’s crucial to consider the value of their immediate tooth replacement, providing functionality and aesthetics while your permanent dentures are being crafted. In this article, we will explore the signs of damaged dentures, the reasons behind their deterioration, and the repair options available.

Dentures play a crucial role in restoring oral function and enhancing the quality of life for individuals with missing teeth. They are made from durable materials like acrylic resin or metal and can withstand the daily pressures of eating and speaking. However, wear and tear, accidents, or improper care can lead to damage, compromising the dentures’ effectiveness. Understanding the signs of damaged dentures and knowing when and how to seek repair are essential for maintaining optimal oral health.

Signs of Damaged Dentures

It is crucial to recognize the signs of damaged dentures to address any issues promptly. Some common indicators of denture damage include:

  • Fractures or cracks in the denture base or teeth
  • Loose or ill-fitting dentures
  • Discoloration or staining
  • Changes in bite alignment
  • Difficulty in chewing or speaking
  • Irritation or sore spots on the gums
  • Broken or missing denture clasps
  • Wear and tear on the denture surfaces

If you notice any of these signs, it is essential to consult a dental professional to assess the extent of the damage and determine the appropriate course of action.

Common Causes of Denture Damage

Several factors can contribute to denture damage. Understanding these causes can help individuals prevent potential issues. The common reasons for denture damage are:

  • Accidental dropping or mishandling of dentures
  • Normal wear and tear over time
  • Chewing on hard or sticky foods that exceed the denture’s capabilities
  • Poor oral hygiene and improper denture care
  • Changes in the oral cavity, such as bone resorption or gum shrinkage

By being aware of these causes, individuals can take preventive measures and reduce the risk of denture damage.

Self-Inspection of Denture Damage

Performing regular self-inspections can help identify minor issues before they worsen. Here are some steps for self-inspecting damaged dentures:

  • Thoroughly clean the dentures with a denture brush and inspect them under good lighting.
  • Look for any visible cracks, fractures, or loose teeth.
  • Examine the fit of the dentures and check for any discomfort or sore spots.
  • Check the bite alignment by observing how the upper and lower dentures meet.
  • If you notice any abnormalities or damage, contact your dentist for a professional evaluation.

Temporary Solutions for Minor Damage

For minor damage, there are a few temporary solutions that can be employed until a professional repair is possible:

  • Denture adhesive: Using a denture adhesive can help temporarily secure loose or ill-fitting dentures.
  • Dental wax: Applying dental wax on rough or sharp edges can prevent irritation and discomfort.
  • Over-the-counter repair kits: These kits often contain temporary materials to mend minor fractures or cracks.

However, it is important to note that these solutions are temporary and should not replace professional denture repair.

Professional Denture Repair

When facing significant denture damage, seeking professional repair is crucial. Denture repair should always be performed by a qualified dental professional to ensure proper restoration and avoid further damage. Dental professionals have the expertise and necessary tools to handle complex repairs effectively.

The Dentist’s Role in Denture Repair

During a professional denture repair, the dentist will:

  • Evaluate the extent of the damage through a thorough examination.
  • Discuss repair options and recommend the most suitable approach.
  • Repair fractures, replace broken teeth, or realign the denture as needed.
  • Ensure the dentures fit properly and comfortably.
  • Polish and clean the dentures to restore their aesthetics.

By entrusting denture repair to a dental professional, individuals can be confident in receiving quality repairs that extend the lifespan of their dentures.

Denture Relining and Rebasing

In some cases, denture relining or rebasing may be necessary. These procedures involve modifying the denture’s base to improve its fit and function. Denture relining involves adding a new layer of material to the denture base to enhance its adaptability to changes in the oral cavity, while denture rebasing involves replacing the entire denture base while retaining the existing teeth.

These procedures are typically recommended when dentures become loose or fail to fit properly due to changes in the underlying bone or gums. Your dentist will assess the condition of your dentures and recommend the appropriate option for your specific needs.

Denture Replacement: A Last Resort

In cases of severe damage or extensive wear, denture replacement may be the best option. Dentures have a lifespan of approximately 5 to 10 years, depending on their quality and care. If your dentures are significantly worn, broken, or ill-fitting, your dentist may suggest replacing them with a new set of dentures.

Denture replacement allows for better aesthetics, improved functionality, and a renewed sense of confidence. Your dentist will take accurate measurements and create custom-made dentures that fit comfortably and provide optimal oral function.

Maintaining Healthy Dentures

To prevent damage and prolong the lifespan of your dentures, follow these tips for proper denture care:

  • Clean your dentures daily with a denture brush and mild denture cleaner.
  • Handle your dentures with care, avoiding unnecessary dropping or mishandling.
  • Remove dentures before sleeping to give your gums a chance to rest.
  • Brush your gums, tongue, and palate with a soft toothbrush to maintain oral hygiene.
  • Regularly visit your dentist for professional check-ups and denture maintenance.

By incorporating these practices into your daily routine, you can keep your dentures in excellent condition and avoid unnecessary repairs or replacements.


Denture repair is essential for maintaining oral health and overall well-being. By understanding the signs of damaged dentures, the causes behind their deterioration, and the available repair options, individuals can make informed decisions regarding their oral care. Regular self-inspections, prompt professional repair, and proper denture care are key to preserving the functionality and aesthetics of dentures, ensuring a confident smile and improved quality of life.

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