Integrated pest management (IPM) is an enterprise that employs a number of general principles to address common pest problems. The principles encourage adaptability and creativity while providing significant environmental and health benefits. They include: (i) reducing pesticide use; (ii) focusing on threshold-based intervention; and (iii) prioritizing non-chemical methods. Listed below are some of the core principles of IPM.
IPM is a holistic enterprise
IPM is the practice of integrated project management. It involves a team effort and compromising on competing goals. Its unique approach fosters collaboration in projects and helps mitigate risk associated with migrations. Integrated project teams are also made up of people with T-shaped skillsets, which can contribute to an effective working environment. In addition, IPM involves clients in every phase of a project. As a result, IPM has many benefits for clients and stakeholders.
Unlike the other methods of management, IPM combines several standards to create a more efficient management system. The benefits of IPM can be seen in the integrated design of an enterprise. The IPM process combines sound decision rules, observation in general, and the application of unified objectives. By integrating these standards, an enterprise can achieve its overall goal of ensuring a healthy, safe, and productive working environment.
It focuses on threshold-based intervention
The concept of threshold-based intervention is a critical component of integrated pest management (IPM) and supports the notion of a diverse, multi-species urban ecosystem. The more species present, the lower the probability of a major pest outbreak. Pest-control measures should support the aesthetic beauty of the system and minimize its negative impacts. However, the concept is not entirely perfect. It’s impossible to define an economic threshold for every major pest, and there are many challenges involved.
Using a threshold-based approach in IPM allows farmers to use multiple approaches to control pest populations. First, a threshold-based intervention identifies a level at which pest population levels are high enough to warrant further action. Environmental conditions also play a role in setting thresholds. Sighting a single pest does not necessarily mean that an insect control measure is necessary. Decisions regarding pest control interventions should be based on the threat level and economic impact.
It prioritizes non-chemical methods
Integrative pest management (IPM) uses a sensible approach to decision-making that considers the impact of methods on non-target organisms, as well as the ecosystem’s overall health. IPM focuses on the augmentation of natural controls to suppress pest populations rather than completely eliminating them. The strategies used by the IPM program are often non-chemical, such as cultural practices, mechanical exclusion, and physical removal.
It reduces pesticide use
A recent survey found preliminary evidence that Bt cotton reduces pesticide use. During a questionnaire, farmers were asked whether they suffered any symptoms when applying pesticides. Of the 102 farmers who reported symptoms, 11 were poisoned when using Bt cotton, four when planting conventional cotton, and two when applying pesticides to conventional cotton. This suggests that Bt cotton does reduce pesticide use, but how much?
The amazing mustard is another plant that reduces pesticide use. This crop grows exceptionally well in changing seasons and adds valuable nutrition to the soil. In addition to its ability to reduce pesticide use, it also harbors beneficial insects. The plant also increases crop growth by adding organic matter to the soil. While the GFS-8 is a new crop, it was already a common practice in some countries. For decades, small farms and organic producers used to clean pesticides with a paint brush, but now, farmers use a device that eliminates this need.
It ensures favourable economic condition, ecological and social consequences
The implementation of an integrated pest management strategy must have favourable ecological and social consequences. In addition, it should not interfere with indigenous beneficial organisms and must meet certain criteria for safety, profitability, and durability. These criteria may include the sustainability of the method, as a part of integrated pest management, and the need for sophisticated diagnostic tools. These are the key elements of integrated pest management.
It is critical to consider the agro-ecological conditions in areas where pesticides are commonly used. The use of pesticides causes pollution, loss of biodiversity, and socio-economic difficulties. Environmental experts are increasingly pointing out health risks associated with widespread pesticide use. In addition to this, AW-PM can also have adverse impacts on human health. Farmers can be a valuable resource for IPM research due to their extensive knowledge of insects, living organisms, and traditional protection methods.